What is OpenVZ:
OpenVZ is a container-based virtualization technology that allows a single physical server to run multiple isolated Linux containers, or virtual private servers (VPS). It uses a single Linux kernel, which is shared among all the containers, resulting in a lightweight and efficient system. OpenVZ is developed by Virtuozzo and is known for its scalability and resource management capabilities. It provides a cost-effective solution for hosting multiple virtual environments on a single server, without compromising on performance.
OpenVZ is a container-based virtualization technology that offers several benefits, including:
Efficient Resource Utilization: OpenVZ provides efficient resource utilization, which means that the physical server’s resources can be utilized to the fullest extent possible. This is because OpenVZ shares the host server’s kernel, which reduces overhead and increases performance.
Lightweight Virtualization: OpenVZ is a lightweight virtualization technology, which means that it requires fewer system resources compared to other virtualization technologies like KVM. This results in faster boot times and better overall system performance.
Quick Deployment: OpenVZ allows for quick deployment of virtual servers. This is because OpenVZ containers can be created and started in a matter of seconds, making it ideal for businesses that require quick turnaround times.
Easy Management: OpenVZ offers easy management of virtual servers. With OpenVZ, administrators can easily manage and monitor their virtual servers, including setting resource limits, managing disk space, and monitoring system performance.
Cost-Effective: OpenVZ is a cost-effective virtualization technology, as it requires fewer system resources and is easy to manage. This makes it an ideal choice for businesses that want to save money on their virtualization infrastructure.
What is KVM
KVM stands for Kernel-based Virtual Machine. It is a virtualization technology that allows multiple operating systems to run on a single physical server. KVM is a type-1 hypervisor that runs directly on the host’s hardware, unlike type-2 hypervisors that run on top of an operating system. KVM uses the Linux kernel as its host operating system and creates virtual machines (VMs) that can run various guest operating systems, including Linux and Windows. KVM provides a high level of isolation between virtual machines and allows them to access dedicated virtualized hardware resources, such as virtual CPUs, RAM, and storage. KVM is an open-source software that is widely used in the industry.
KVM (Kernel-based Virtual Machine) offers several benefits, including:
Support for multiple operating systems: KVM can run various operating systems, including Linux, Windows, and macOS, making it versatile and flexible for different applications.
Improved performance: KVM provides near-native performance by using the host’s hardware without any emulation or translation layer. This means faster processing and better overall performance.
Enhanced security: KVM allows the creation of isolated virtual machines, each with its own virtualized hardware resources, enabling secure and private computing environments.
Efficient resource utilization: KVM can dynamically allocate hardware resources to virtual machines, reducing wastage and optimizing the use of available resources.
Cost-effective: KVM is an open-source technology, which means it’s free to use and modify, making it a cost-effective solution for virtualization needs.
Easy management: KVM is compatible with many management tools, making it easy to manage virtual machines and allocate resources efficiently.
OpenVZ vs KVM: A Comparison of Virtualization Technologies
OpenVZ is a container-based virtualization technology developed by Virtuozzo that allows a physical server to run multiple operating systems in isolated silos using a single Linux kernel. However, this limits OpenVZ to only Linux OS, which can be disadvantageous for clients requiring different kernel versions than the host. Key features of OpenVZ hosting include two-level disk quota, fair CPU scheduler, I/O scheduler, user beancounters, checkpointing, and live migration.
Here are some of the key differences between OpenVZ and KVM: